In a recent statement released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it has been revealed that Post Exposure prophylaxis can help to reduce the risk of HIV infection up to 90%. CDS has said that it is beneficial only if it is taken within 72-hours of infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). Until now, there is no test to detect the HIV infection within 10 days from exposure. So, CDC and WHO has supported the use of PEP (post exposure prophylaxis) treatment to avoid any chance of occurrence of HIV infection.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has also shared its views on the importance of follow-up medication, myths about the use of PEP and side-effects caused due to it. It said that the benefits of using PEP treatment simply outweigh the risks due to its usage. CDC further said that the ideal time to take PEP treatment is within 1 to 2 hours of sexual contact but it should not exceed the time-limit of 72 hours. Further, it said that it is mandatory to take PEP treatment for a time period of 28 days to prevent the chances of HIV infection.
Those women who are pregnant for less than 8 weeks of gestation, desiring for pregnancy, and not using effective contraception method should not use antiretroviral medicines as it could lead to neural tube defects. PEP treatment is effective in reducing the risk of HIV infection but doesn’t work on other types of sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. CDC highlighted that the only way to prevent HIV infection is to protect yourself from exposure.